Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, PGD

    Couples with a genetic disorder or a carrier of chromosomal abnormality are more likely to give birth to a child with a genetic disorder. Preimplatation genetic diagnosis is a method used during in-vitro fertilization(IVF) where we diagnose presence or absence of abnormalities in the fertility agent in the preimplantation embryonic stage(8-cell phase or blastocyst embryo), and selects and transfers only normal embryos to enable the pregnancy of a genetically normal fetus.

    Application of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis
    • Single-gene disorder
    • Structural abnormalities of the chromosomes
    • Numerical abnormalities of the chromosomes
    Procedure for Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

    * Preparation time for each procedure may vary depending on the type of the genetic defect

  • PGS

    Preimplantation Genetic Screening, PGS

    Chromosomal abnormalities in embryos increase rapidly with increasing maternal age, reduces pregnancy success rates and increase spontaneous abortion rates. Preimplantation chromosomal screening (PGS) is a procedure performed when there is concern about pregnancy failure or habitual miscarriage due to a high risk of chromosomal abnormality in the embryo, even if the couple does not have a specific chromosomal abnormality.
    In the method of diagnosing chromosomal abnormalities from an embryo and transplanting only normal embryos, there is a FISH technique that diagnoses only some chromosomes, but recently, array CGH technique that can diagnose all 46 chromosomes is widely used. Preimplantation chromosome screening will increase the implantation rate and pregnancy rate in the in vitro fertilization procedure, and reduce the miscarriage rate, providing a chance to give birth to a healthy baby.

    Target for Preimplantation Genetic Screening
    • Numerical chromosomal abnormalities
    • Advanced age in the prospective mother
    • Recurrent pregnancy loss
    • Repeated failure of implantation
    • Oligozoospermia
    • Prior pregnancy with a chromosome abnormality
    Procedure for Preimplantation Genetic Screening

  • FXS

    Fragile X Syndrome

    Fragile X syndrome is an X chromosome-associated mental retardation disorder caused by a mutation in the FMR1 genetic factor located at Xq27.3. It is the most common after the down-syndrome. It is one of the inherited disorders of mild mental retardation, with an incidence of 1 in 2,000 boys and 1 in 4,000 to 8,000 girls. This syndrome is found in about 30% of men with impaired intelligence and about 10% of women.
    Characteristic clinical symptoms in males are behavioral disturbances, impaired intelligence, large testicles, a long face, and a protruding chin, and large and distinct ears. And females usually show varying degrees of intellectual decline. In addition, with each generation, clinical symptoms become more severe and distinct.

    Do healthy women also need to be tested ?

    FXS is a disorder that is typically inherited from the mother. It has been reported that 1 out of 200 to 300 women are at high risk for giving birth to a child with FXS. Also, premutation is known to be a cause of premature menopause. Thus, the test can help to prevent the birth of an intellectually disabled child, early diagnose the premature menopause and allow the affected individual to better prepare for it.

    The test is recommended to those with a family history (incl. family members and relatives) of autism, intellectual disability, development disorder or premature menopause.

    How is the “premutation carrier test” performed ?

    DNA is extracted from the patient’s peripheral blood (3~5ml) to analyze the number of CGG sequence repeats in the gene that can cause the fragile X syndrome.

    The patient will be notified in 2 weeks if the result is “heterozygote” and in 4 weeks for “homozygote” (in this case, an additional test using the Southern Blot method is necessary).

    If the woman is a premutation carrier, how can the fetus be tested for intellectual disability ?

    Women diagnosed with premutation carriers are at risk of giving birth to an affected children. Carriers can receive genetic counseling and opt to undergo a thorough fetus examination including aminocentesis and chorionic villi sampling.

    Exam procedure

  • Why Choose CHA Fertility Center ?


    The oldest institution to conduct Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis in Korea


    A team of researchers and medical professionals with the vast experience in Preimplantation Genetic Diagnoses in Korea


    Collaboration between top In-Vitro Fertilization center and high-end genetic medical technique


    Diverse and rich experiences, and minimal waiting time


    High quality of patient counseling and education


    State-of-the-art facilities and equipments